National Education Policy, 2020

Today when New Education Policy has been introduced it reminds us of the much needed change in the structure of the education system in our nation. The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020. The new policy aims to pave way transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country.


National Education Policy, 2020
National Education Policy, 2020


No power on earth can stop an idea whose time has come.”

These were the exact lines used by our then Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh before starting his historic Budget speech on 24 July 1991 where he paved the way for New Economic Policy, 1991 which just changed the economic structure of our Nation and dragged our economy out of the inevitable sink.

Today when New Education Policy has been introduced it reminds us of the exact words used by him which will completely change the much needed structure of the education system in our nation. The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020. The new policy aims to pave way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country. This policy will replace the 34 year old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”.

The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since previous Policy. During this period significant changes have taken place in our country, society, economy, and the world at large. It is in this context that the education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country. Quality, innovation and research will be the pillars on which India will become a knowledge super power. Clearly, a new Education Policy is needed.

The passage of this historical policy was not that easy. It had to witness so many ups and downs and also no section was left while formulating this policy.

NEP 2020 has been formulated after an unprecedented process of consultation that involved nearly over 2 lakh suggestions from 2.5 lakhs Gram Panchayats, 6600 Blocks, 6000 ULBs, and 676 Districts. The MHRD initiated an unprecedented collaborative, inclusive, and highly participatory consultation process from January 2015.

In May 2016, ‘Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy’ under the Chairmanship of Late Shri T.S.R. Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary, submitted its report. Based on this, the Ministry prepared ‘Some Inputs for the Draft National Education Policy, 2016’.

In June 2017 a ‘Committee for the Draft National Education Policy’ was constituted under the Chairmanship of eminent scientist Dr. K. Kasturirangan, which submitted the Draft National Education Policy, 2019 to the Hon’ble Human Resource Development Minister on 31st May, 2019. The Draft National Education Policy 2019 was uploaded on MHRD’s website and at ‘MyGov Innovate’ portal eliciting views/suggestions/comments of stakeholders, including public.

School Education


  • It aims at universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER)

  • The current 10+2 system to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.

  • Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools.

  • Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language. No language will be imposed on any student.

  • Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes

  • A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree.

  • NEP 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the main stream through open schooling system.

Higher Education

  • Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.

  • UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period.

  • Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits

  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at par with IITs, IIMs

  • The National Research Foundation will be created as an apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.

  • Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for the entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals - National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.

  • Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges. Over a period of time, it is envisaged that every college would develop into either an Autonomous degree-granting College, or a constituent college of a university.

  • M.Phil. courses will be discontinued.

Others

  • National Assessment Centre- 'PARAKH' has been created to assess the students.

  • It also paves the way for foreign universities to set up campuses in India.

  • It emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.

  • It also aims to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest which is currently 4.6%.

In a Nutshell

In every epoch of humankind, knowledge represents the sum of what is created by all previous generations, to which the present generation adds its own. The motif of the Mobius strip symbolizes the perpetual, developing and live nature of knowledge - that which has no beginning and that which has no end. This Policy envisages creation, transmission, use and dissemination of knowledge as a part of this continuum.


22 views

Recent Posts

See All